Helen E. Clark

Helen E. Clark was born in Saskatchewan in 1912 and received her Bachelor of Household Science degree (1939) from the University of Saskatchewan. She taught home economics in British Columbia (1939-1942) and then received a research assistantship in nutrition at Iowa State University. Her M.S. thesis research was based on protein quality of the egg for the growth of young rats. Her Ph.D. research was directed to the amino acid requirements of adult rats. Dr. Clark was an Assistant Professor in the Department of Foods and Nutrition at Kansas State University (1950-1954) and then Purdue University (1954-1977). There she developed a project related to protein and amino acid requirements of man, whether these were provided by foods alone, amino acid mixtures, or combinations of foods and amino acids.

She is the recipient of numerous awards including the Borden Award (1968), the Centennial Award of the College of Home Economics (ISU) (1971), the first woman to be recognized as a Distinguished Professor (Purdue, 1974), and honorary Doctor of Science (1994). She is currently Professor Emerita of Foods and Nutrition of Purdue University.

Amy Louise Daniels Amy Daniels was born on July 26, 1875 in Boston, Massachusetts. She received her B.S. (1906) from Columbia University and her Ph.D. in Biochemistry (1912) from Yale. She also studied for 2 years at MIT and conducted post-graduate study at Harvard University.

She was employed as Assistant Professor (1911-1914) of Home Economics at the University of Missouri; Associate Professor (1914-1918) of Nutrition at the University of Wisconsin; and Professor (1918-1942) with the Iowa Child Welfare Research Station at the University of Iowa. She held concurrent positions as Chairman (1913-1918) of the Home Economics Section of the N.E. Association Committee on Reorganization of Secondary Education and was a member (1930) of the White House Conference on Child Development.

Her research included studies on the nutritive value of certain foods; nutrition deficiencies of milk; the influence of minerals, vitamins and proteins on the growth of infants and young children; diseases and illnesses of children; the effects of vitamin D on calcium and phosphorous retention of infants and the magnesium requirements of young children.

Daniels received the Borden Award (1939); was a charter member of the Home Economics Association; and held memberships with the Society of Biological Chemists, the Society of Experimental Biology; the American Institute of Nutrition, and the Society for Research in Child Development.


Photograph courtesy of the University Archives, University of Iowa.

Jacqueline Dupont Jacqueline DuPont was born in Plant City, Florida on March 4, 1934. She received her B.S. (1955) from Florida State University, her M.S. (1959) from Iowa State University, and her Ph.D. (1962) in Nutrition from Florida State University. She was employed as a Home Economist (1955-1956) and Nutrition Specialist (1956-1964) in the Human Nutrition Research Division with the Agricultural Research Service of the USDA; as Assistant Professor (1964-1966) of Biochemistry with the School of Medicine at Howard University; Assistant Professor (1966-1969), to Associate Professor (1969-1973), and Professor (1973-1978) of Food Science and Nutrition at Colorado State University; Professor and Department Chair (1989-1991) at Iowa State University where she was recognized as a Lotte Arnich Lecturer (1987); as a Consultant (1989-91) in Food and Nutrition Science and then a National Program Leader in Human Nutrition (1991-) with the Agricultural Research Service of the USDA.

She held concurrent positions as a Consultant (1971-1976) with the Nutrition Study Section of the United States Public Health Service; she was a Career Research Development Awardee (1972-1977) with the National Institute of Health; served as Visiting Professor (1977-1978) with the University of Colorado Medical Center’s Department of Pediatrics; and as a Visiting Scientist at the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (1973); the Hormel Institute (1973); and the Nutrition Research Institute, in Paris, France (1984).

DuPont is a member of Sigma Xi; Phi Kappa Phi; the American Institute of Nutrition; the American Home Economics Association; the American Association for the Advancement of Science; the New York Academy of Scientists; the American Dietetic Association; the American Oil Chemists Society; the American Institute of Nutrition; the American Aging Association; the Institute of Food Technologists; the Council on Arteriosclerosis; and the American Heart Association. Her research involved the effects of dietary fat upon metabolism of cholesterol and fatty acids, prostaglandins, atherosclerosis and aging.

Ercel S. Eppright Ercel Eppright was born May 4, 1901 in Isabel, Illinois. She received her B.S. (1923) from the University of Missouri, her M.S. (1930) from the University of Texas, and her Ph.D. (1936) in Physiological Chemistry from Yale University. Eppright was employed as an Instructor (1928-1931) of Foods and Nutrition at the University of Texas; as Professor and Department Head (1935-1945) of Home Economics at the Texas State College for Women; and at Iowa State University she served as Professor and Department Head (1945-1961) of Food and Nutrition; Assistant Dean, College of Home Economics; Assistant Director (1961-1966) of the Agricultural and Home Economics Experiment Station; Professor (1966-1971) of Nutrition; and Professor Emerita(1971-).

She held concurrent positions as Home Economist (1957-1958) with the Food and Agriculture Organization, Iraq; Instructor (1957-1958) at the Queen Aliya College for Women, Baghdad, Iraq; and as a Ford Foundation Consultant (1966-1967) at the University of Baroda, India. Her professional memberships included Pi Lambda Theta; Omicron Nu; Sigma Xi; Phi Upsilon Omicron; Phi Kappa Phi; Delta Kappa Gamma; the American Home Economics Association; the American Dietetic Association; the American Institute of Nutrition; and the American Public Health Association.

Eppright was the recipient of the Borden Award (1961) of the American Home Economics Association; a Faculty Citation from the Iowa State University Alumni Association; an Alumnae Citation from Central College (Fayette, MO); and a Citation of Merit (1965) from the School of Home Economics and University of Missouri Alumni Association. Her research involved dietary studies; food acceptance; the nutritional status of school children; and the significance of certain salts and groups of salts in the nutrition of the albino rat.

Pilar Garcia Pilar Angeles Garcia was born on November 4, 1926 in Manila, the Philippines, where her father, Gaudencio Garcia, served as a professor of international and political law, and her mother, Maria Paz Angeles Garcia, a high school biology teacher. She is the second oldest of ten children and dreamed of coming to the United States ever since childhood.

That dream became a reality after she graduated from the University of the Philippines at Manila, in 1949, with a B.S. in pharmacy. It was there that she earned the prestigious Barbour Scholarship, which sent her to the University of Michigan. One year later she earned the Master of Science degree in botany. She relocated to lowa State University, where she completed her studies in nutrition. Upon earning the M.S. and Ph.D., in 1952 and 1955 respectively, Garcia immediately served as Research Associate in the Department of Food and Nutrition. In 1957, Garcia became an assistant professor. She was promoted to professor status in 1974.

Throughout her academic career, Garcia has spent her time researching and teaching courses about the effects of nutrition on people, primarily women. In 1978, she took a six-month faculty leave at the University of the Philippines at Los Banos College, Laguna, in order to conduct research on nutritional conditions of the rural, elderly poor. She earned a faculty citation from the lowa State Alumni Association in 1970 and won the Amoco Outstanding Teacher of the Year Award in 1986.

Iota Sigma Pi Iota Sigma Pi  is a national honor society for women in chemistry.  The first chapter in the country was started at the University of California at Berkeley in 1902 and became a national group by 1911.  Each of the current twenty chapters is names after a chemical element such as nitrogen or palladium.   Their stated objectives are:

To promote interest in chemistry among women students;

To foster mutual advancement in academic, business, and social life;

To stimulate personal accomplishments in chemical fields

Allene R. Jeanes Allene R. Jeanes was born July 19, 1906, in Waco, Texas. She received her B.A. (1928) from Baylor University, her M.A. (1929) from the University of California, Berkeley, and her Ph.D. (1938) in Organic Chemistry from the University of Illinois. She was employed as head science teacher (1930-1935) at Athens College (Ala.); Chemistry Instructor (1936-1937) at the University of Illinois; served as a corn industries research foundation fellow (1938-1940) with both the NIH and USPHS ; and as a chemical researcher (1941-1976) by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Northern Regional Research Center.

Her research focused on carbohydrates and the development of Dextran as a plasma substitute during the Korean War; and her research also lead to the discovery of Xanthan, an important polysaccharide gum. Jeanes produced over 60 publications, 24 presentations, and received 10 patents. She was a member of the American Chemical Society, Sigma Xi, and Iota Sigma Pi.

For her efforts, Jeanes received the Distinguished Service Award (1953) from the USDA; the Garvan Medal (1956) from the American Chemical Society; and the Federal Woman’s Service Award (1962) from the U.S. Civil Service Commission. Dr. Jeanes died in 1995.

Belle Lowe Belle Lowe was born February 7, 1886 in Utica, Missouri. She received both her Ph. B. (1911) and M.S. (1934) from the University of Chicago. She was employed as Assistant Professor (1918-1923) in the Household Science Department at Iowa State College; as a research staff member (1923-1924) in foods with the Bureau of Home Economics; and as Associate Professor (1921-1936) and Professor (1936-) at Iowa State College.

Lowe received the Christie Award (1948), granted by the Poultry and Egg National Board as recognition for being the person who in the past ten years "has made the greatest contribution through research teaching or extension, in the interpretation of scientific results or prosecution of research dealing with determination, preparation, conservation or improvement of the nutritive properties of poultry and eggs." She was also awarded the honorary Doctor of Science degree (1957) from Iowa State University. Lowe was a member of Omicron Nu; Iota Sigma Pi; Sigma Delta Epsilon; Phi Kappa Phi; Sigma Xi; Phi Upsilon Omicron; Mortar Board; the American Home Economics Association; and the Institute of Food Technologists.

Best known for her textbook, "Experimental Cookery," most of Lowe’s research was in the field of poultry, meat and fats. Some of her earlier research included experiments on the effects of rations fed to animals upon the quality of meat produced, and involved working out standard methods of preparing meats.

Bernice K. Watt Bernice Lydia Kunerth was born on June 10, 1910, in Ames, Iowa, where her father, William Kunerth, served as a physics professor at lowa State College (precursor to lowa State University). She had one younger sister named Ruth. In 1932, she graduated with a combined major in foods, nutrition, and chemistry from lowa State College. The following year, she earned her Master of Science degree at Kansas State University. Until 1938, Kunerth remained in Manhattan, Kansas, where she served as a food/nutrition research technician and instructor. She then went to New York and acquired a Ph.D. in Nutrition Chemistry from Columbia University in 1940. After a brief stint as an assistant professor, Kunerth moved to Washington, D.C. to begin a career working for the United States Department of Agriculture in 1941 and married Raymond Dewey Watt, a 1922 graduate of lowa State College, in 1942.

Her career with the USDA entailed nutritional research. She retired in 1974 as Leader of the Nutrient Data Research Center. Under her leadership, the information available has grown from two tables containing data on 13 nutrients in 275 foods to 20 tables consisting of values for 50 nutrients and 3,000 foods. For her efforts, Watt has received some impressive honors: in 1969, the Distinguished Achievement Citation from lowa State; in 1972, the Borden Award for fundamental nutrition and experimental foods; in 1974, the Distinguished Service Award from the USDA; and in 1980, the Elvehjem Award for Public Service in Nutrition.

All of these scientific accomplishments coincided with her duties as a mother of three and volunteer work she performed in Fairfax, Virginia. She died on March 8, 1984.

Evelyn J. Weber Evelyn J. Weber (b. 1928), daughter of John and Emma Weber, is a native of Shelby County, lllinois. She graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in Chemistry (1953) and received a Ph.D. in Biochemistry (1961) from lowa State University. From 1965 through 1987 she was a Professor of Plant Biochemistry in the Agronomy Department at the University of Illinois and a research chemist for the Agricultural Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture.

Her research focused on plant metabolism and the development of high-oil corn. She has authored numerous articles on her research specialty, is a member in several societies such as the American Chemical Society and the American Oil Chemists' Society, and is a Fellow of the American Institute of Chemists.

She is currently a Professor Emerita in the Agronomy Department at the University of Illinois.